How to prevent macular degeneration?

Since macular degeneration is related to arteriosclerotic changes as well as oxidative damages. We recommend all patients with family history of macular degeneration to practice certain precaution:
•If you are a smoker, stop smoking. •Eat a balance diet rich in fruits and vegetables, the antioxidant in most of the vegetables and fruits can counteract the oxidative damages caused by free radicals. •Reduce cardiovascular risk factors, including lowering cholesterol and saturated fact intake and controlling hypertension.

How can we help patient with macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration is a atrophic condition, therefore, whatever damages occurred is not reversible. However, we can control or slow down the progression of the condition. The first approach should be the lifestyle changes like what we mentioned above. Secondly, we recommend the intake of micronutrient supplement such as vitamins A,C, and E as well as Lutein and Zeaxanthin. Lately, there is evidents that essential fatty acid is also helpful in controlling macular degeneration. For more advance case of macular degeneration, a cancer treatment medication call Avastin can be injected into the jelly body of the eye called Vitreous to stop hemorrhages as well as edema. Although it is still waiting for FDA’s approval, clinical data indicated that it is a very effective treatment. Other medication such as Visudyne, Lucentis and Macugen are also approved by FDA in the treatment of macular degeneration.